of Affiliates and Committees of The World Calendar Association,
International, presented at the Ninth Annual Meeting 16
January 1956, reflect the world-wide interest in
and need for calendar reform. Published highlights (JCR Vol.
25, Dec. 1955 - Jan. 1956) for the UNITED KINGDOM:
British Section, which held five full meetings of its committee
during the last twelve months, and a similar number of meeting
among its Honorary Officers, has maintained the work of the
Buckingham Street office, dealing with a large number of enquiries
and routine matters, such as the dispatch of literature to
individuals,organizations and the press. As the European Office
since the summer of last year, there has also been a continuous
flow of correspondence with individual Affiliates and other
contacts abroad. The Honorary Secretary has conducted his
own work for the Association form his chambers in the Temple,
but either he or the Assistant Secretary made a point of visiting
the office daily to deal with the current work. The Honorary
Secretary paid three extensive visits abroad on World Calendar
matters during the course of the year, as mentioned below.
circularization of press releases and the publication of new
pamphlets--as had been the practice in former years--was not
proceeded with during 1955; but an English edition (500 copies)
of Miss Achelis' book, Of Time and Calendar, reproduced
with a British jacket, was distributed for review purposes,
the sales of the book being in the hands of Messrs. Neville
Spearman. No public meetings were held during the course of
the year, nor in former years, and approaches to H. M. government
on specific points; but, at the end of the year, our Press
Officer, Mr. Harold Watkins, was invited to appear on BCC
Television, which he did with conspicuous success on the 2nd
of January 1956, thus bringing The World Calendar cause before
at least 6,000,000 viewers.
the visit of Colin Jackson to the International Conference
of the Junior Chambers of Commerce in Edinburgh in November,
our distinguished sponsor, Sir Harold Spencer Jones, received
an invitation--which he has accepted--to address the Annual
Conference of the British Jaycees organization in London this
coming February. THus, the New Year pens auspiciously for
the British Section, as it is expected that that the New Year;s
broadcast will produce a considerable number of inquiries
and press comments.
the most useful contribution to The World Calendar cause which
the British Section has made during the course of the year
lay in the three visits abroad of the Honorary Secretary,
Mr. Joyce. During January, he spent ten days visit Brussels,
the Hague, Copenhagen, Stockholm and Oslo, and had many interesting
discussions with government officials in the respective Foreign
Offices on their national attitudes towards the Indian proposal.
view of the importance of maintaining contact with ECOSOC,
and the U.N. delegates who were responsible for the progress
of The World Calendar Reform item on the agenda, Mr. Joyce
spent over two months in Geneva during the summer looking
after The World Calendar interests, attending the appropriate
sessions of ECOSOC, and speaking on our behalf at several
NGO Conferences, as well as undertaking a large number of
interviews with individual delegates
to New York for the Tenth Annual United Nations General Assembly,
Mr. Joyce renewed his contacts with the delegates and U.N.
officials. Together with Mr. Hills and the Association’s
lawyer, he took part in an important interview with the Chiefs
of the NGO Section of the secretariat on the 18th of November.
at which the future plans of the Association were discussed
in a most constructive way and mutual assurances exchanged
on the important question of retaining the Association’s
British Section places on record its appreciation of the leadership
of the retiring President over the years, its confidence in
the incoming President, and its belief, following adjustments
which are inevitable from time to time in the structure and
organization of all worthwhile movements,in the successful
termination of the Association's worldwide campaign to bring
about the universal adoption of The World Calendar.
progress towards international agreement on calendar reform
was reported at the Eighth Annual Meeting 14 January
1955 of The World Calendar Association, International,
held in the International Building, New York City, . Published
highlights (JCR Vol. 24, March 1955) for the UNITED
year has been one of considerable activity. It was obvious
that this would be so after the October, 1953, announcement
of the action of the Government of India.
important meeting of the Committee of the British Section
was held at the House of Lords on 1 December 1953 (this, as
usual, by courtesy of the Chairman, Lord Merthyr, in having
arranged for the use of a committee room).
this meeting, Mr. James Avery Joyce, the Honorary Secretary,
having then just returned from New York, wa able to report
on the proceedings in regard to the Indian proposal, and to
urge that every effort should be made by the British Committee
to support this promising development. Mr. Peter Freeman,
M.P., always an extremely active member of the Committee,
discussed his own contacts wit India on the subject, and expressed,
on behalf of the Committee, the sense of the importance of
the Indian action.
in the year there was published by Neville Spearman, Ltd.,
in London (and by arrangement, in New York), a book written
by the Honorary Press Officer, Harold Watkins, entitled Time
Counts. This book, descriptive of calendar history with
particular reference to the development of The World Calendar,
was produced in attractive form at a popular price of 15s.
first meeting in the New Year was held again at the House
of Lords on 24 February, when the Honorary Secretary reported
that he had recently made a visit to India, Egypt and Israel,
in which countries he had been able to do valuable work, not
only on behalf of the British Section, but of the movement
various meetings of the Committee, the question was discussed
as to the likely best approach to the British Government for
presenting officially the case for The World Calendar, and
particularly for expressing the hope of the Committee that
when the question arose at Geneva the British government would
not raise any opposition to its further discussion on the
basis, hitherto officially expressed by the Government, "that
there was not sufficient demand in this country for Calendar
a request to the Foreign Office, a deputation waited on Mr.
Dodds-Parker in May. The case for the withholding of any opposition
on the Government's part was ably put forward by Lord Merthyr,
and equally strongly supported by Mr. Isaac Pitman and the
Honorary Secretary. Mr. Dodds-Parker listened most courteously
to the deputation's statements and the feeling was that he
was favorably inclined to the deputation's case. The result
of this action on the Committee's part was, no doubt, reflected
in the fact that at Geneva the oppositoin which, is has to
be admitted, was rather feared, and which would undoubtedly
have affected the outcome, did not materialize.
the year there have been two notable broadcasts. The more
important of these was an occasion when Sir Harold Spencer
Jones, having returned from a visit to New York, appeared
on the BBC Television in a discussion of The World Calendar.
In March, the Honorary Press Officer was invited to broadcast
in the BBC Overseas program which goes out weekly under the
general heading of "London Calling Asia." This broadcast
was not only repeated later in another section of the BBC
Service, but was summarized in the popular BBC Journal, London
Calling, which is widely distributed overseas.
has been a notable year from the press publicity point of
view. In addition to a number of special articles in leading
newspapers and trade journals and a large number of shorter
reports and news paragraphs, a particularly significant event
was the publication in The Times of a lead-article
dealing with the principle of calendar reform and the advantages
of The World Calendar. This led to a controversy in the correspondence
columns of The Times which kept the subject before
the readers of this distinguished newspaper for many days.
important development during the year was the publication
by the British Section of a first number of "World Calendar
News,' a 4-page newspaper which it is intended to issued from
time to time to report current World Calendar activities.
Some 2,000 copies of this newspaper were circulated among
members of Parliament and other influential persons. A second
number is planned for New York.
number of new pamphlets have been produced and widely distributed
covering various angles of the impact of calendar reform on
industrial, commercial, religious and social affairs. The
demand for these pamphlets is steady, and they appear to be
doing excellent work in spreading the calendar reform gospel.
the proceedings at Geneva, the British Section had the privilege
of receiving a personal visit from the President of The World
Calendar Association, International. An outstanding occasion
in connection with this visit was the reception and dinner
held in the House of commons, through the courtesy of Mr.
Peter Freeman, a member of the British Committee, when leading
members of the Working Committee had the rare privilege of
discussing World Calendar affairs at first hand with The world
Calendar's founder and principal advocate.
progress toward the international enactment of calendar reform
was reported at the Seventh Annual Meeting 15 January
1954 of The World Calendar
Association, International, held in the International Building,
New York City. Published highlights (JCR Vol. 24, April
1954) for the UNITED KINGDOM:
British Section of The World Calendar Association celebrated
its first anniversary on 5 May 1953, at a meeting in committee
Room No. 12 of the House of Commons. The presiding officer
was Lord Merthyr and the principal addresses were by Peter
Freeman, M.P., and James Avery Joyce. Mr. freeman discussed
the entry of India into the international crusade for an improved
calendar. He is one of the leading parliamentary experts on
India, for many years head of the India League and author
of a standard book, Our Duty to India. He said in
part: "Calendar complications are an old story in India,
which currently has more than thirty different calendrical
systems in active use--a situation which is chaotic andintolerable.
This is one of the numerous national problems which Prime
Minister Nehru has undertaken to solve, and he proposes to
do it on an international basis, by moving at the United Nations
for world adoption of The World Calendar."
Joyce's address was an historical sketch of the development
of calendar reform on the international level during the past
forty years. One of the pioneer bodies seeking international
action was the International Chamber of Commerce, which began
hammering at this subject during its London session in 1910.
It continued its campaign at the Boston Congress in 1912 and
at Liège in 1914 it passed emphatic resolutions urging
a revised calendar. After World War I it continued its crusade
at the London conferences in 1921, in 1923 in Rome, in 1925
at Brussels and in 1929 at Amsterdam, the International Chamber
called on the League of Nations to set up the necessary machinery
for dealing with calendar revision. Its twenty-year campaign,
reinforced by similarly urgent demands from bodies like the
International Astronomical Union, resulted in the 1931 conference
called by the League of Nations after a great deal of preliminary
research by the League's Committee of Enquiry. Subsequent
activities included the initiative taken by the International
Labor Organization in 1936 and 1937, when a draft convention
in support of The World Calendar actually received the favorable
votes of 14 governments. All this groundwork led to the present
status of calendar reform at the U.N. As Trygve Lie said in
his 1947 report: "The 14 years of work by the League
of Nations on calendar reform achieved considerable results.
Although originally there were several hundred proposals for
revision, two main types were eventually isolated, and finally
one single calendar was submitted to the Council for approval."
Joyce summed up the results of his visit to the U.N. in New
York with these words: "I think I am justified in predicting
action shortly. At the General Assembly meetings I found a
surprisingly solid backing among a large number of delegations
favoring the inclusion of this item on the official agenda.
In my considered opinion it will not be long before the moment
arrives when this important step will be taken."
other meetings were held during the year, all of them taking
place in the House of Lords committee rooms. They were called
for January, March, May, July and December. The latter meeting
occurred after Mr. Joyce's return from another visit to the
United Nations, and at this time, the action of India justified
fully the predictions which Mr. Joyce had made in May.
the meantime, Mr. Joyce had attended as an official observer
several important international meetings in Geneva, Paris,
Copenhagen and Stockholm. These included the sessions of the
U.N. Economic Council, the Congress of U.N. Non-Governmental
Organizations, the Copenhagen Congress to consider U.N. Charter
Revision and the annual Council of the International Standardization
the London office had taken up calendar matters with delegates
to the International Chamber of Commerce convention in Vienna
in May. It had also sent a representative to Dublin, to assist
in the organization of an Irish committee for calendar reform.
It had corresponded with Australia and South Africa regarding
similar new groups in those countries.
London office supplied speakers for meetings in various parts
of the British Isles. It conferred with many interested groups,
representing business, education, religion and science. IT
sent the Astronomer Royal to New York at its representatives,
to speak before a scientific audience at the Hayden Planetarium
and to confer informally with an important group of U.N. delegates.
new members of the working committee of the British Section
are Sydney Walton, a well-known writer, and S. J. Noel-Brown,
industrial consultant. One of the active committee members,
J. Arthur Rodwell, was summoned to Buckingham Palace during
the coronation ceremonies to receive from Her Majesty the
decoration of the Order of the British Empire.
The World Calendar Association