on behalf of the International Association made more demands
on the Canadian Chairman then in previous years. Duties
as Assistant Director General, connected with the decision
of the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations
to request member and non-member nations to study and send
in their views, on the desirability of calendar reform,
occasioned a number of visits to headquarters in New York.
were the usual addresses to various organizations, notably
The Inner Wheel at Montreal on 18 January 1955; the preparation
of articles for publication., assisting with the editorial
work for the Journal of Calendar Reform, interviews
with government officers, particularly in connection with
the reply of Canada to the Secretary-General. This reply
was favorable to a study of the subject under the auspices
Chairman thought it proper to get in touch with the representatives
in Canada of nations from which no reply had been received
by the Secretary-General on the calendar reform item, informing
them of Canada's reply, with reference to support for the
movement in Canada, and expressing the hope that the information
would be forwarded to their governments.
Chairman had the pleasure of meeting in New York Sir Harold
Spencer Jones, Britain's Astronomer Royal. There were also
conferences in New York with Mr. James Avery Joyce of the
British Section, and with Mr. J. Royden Gilley in Toronto.
Canadian Chamber of Commerce (the national voluntary federation
of more than 700 Boards of Trade and Chambers of commerce
in all of Canada's ten provinces)on 3-6 October 1955 reendorsed
The World Calendar, and as a Policy Declaration,
the first under the heading External Affairs, "requests
the Canadian Government to support at the United Nations
The World Calendar." This is more than ever important
because of Canada's election on 19 October to membership
in the U.N. Economic and Social Council for the next three
been accomplished in the United States, the two large labor
groups in Canada--those organized by crafts and on an industry
basis--are merging, and as both groups have separately endorsed
The World Calendar. It is expected that a request to the
government from the resulting consolidation for support
of The World Calendar will be made. Having regard to the
endorsements on record with the government from employer
organizations, from labor, from scientific and other important
organizations there should be little doubt about Canada's
position when the item of World Calendar Reform is under
consideration by ECOSOC.
amount of printed matter was distributed to various organizations
and individuals throughout the year, and Canadian newspapers
carried much news matter and syndicated articles on calendar
there seems to be little doubt about the ultimate success
of the movement--only the time when this will be brought
about is uncertain.
progress towards international agreement on calendar reform
was reported at the Eighth Annual Meeting 14 January
1955 of The World Calendar Association, International,
held in the International Building, New York City, . Published
highlights (JCR Vol. 24, March 1955) for CANADA:
year 1954 was one of special activity due to the action
of India in October 1953 in putting The World Calendar plan
the year special efforts were made to get such Canadian
Government support as was possible with Canada not at present
on ECOSOC. A Memorandum, Measurement of Time, prepared
for the Department of External Affairs, was sent to a number
of other departments. This reviewed Canada's connection
with Standard Time and Calendar Reform. The Department of
External Affairs has been most cooperative.
death of Mr. Harry S. Southern, Publisher of The Ottawa
Citizen, on 26 March 1954, a member of the Canadian Affiliate,
and for many years an ardent and valuable supporter of our
cause, is recorded with great regret.
July, the Chairman made a trip to Western Canada, achieving
a considerable amount of publicity for The World Calendar
ant making valuable contacts.
very welcome announcement of the Vatican's favorable attitude
received much attention in the Canadian press, particularly
in the Province of Quebec.
York in November, when the Honorary Secretary of the British
Section and International Liaison Officer, Mr. James Avery
Joyce, was present, many matters of importance were discussed
with the President and Dr. Clarence R. Decker, consultant
to the Association, and Mr. Walter Mitchell, Jr., presently
engaged in special research concerned with financial savings
to be obtained from adoption of The World Calendar.
Chairman was granted use of a 15-minute period of the Department
of Labour's broadcast Canada at Work to outline
benefits to be obtained from The World Calendar. Other broadcasts
made available were CPRA's Weekly World Report
(31 October) and Home Forum, WRC, Washington, D.
C. (5 November).
were maintained with important national organizations of
employers and employees. The Canadian Chamber of Commerce,
in a Policy Declaration, again requested government
support at the United Nations for The World Calendar. A
number of organizations wrote to ECOSOC during the Geneva
meeting. The Canadian Council of the International Chamber
of Commerce continues its support of The World Calendar.
conflict caused by holidays such as Christmas and New Year's
coming on Saturday, already a half or whole day off for
many, was used to show how much better conditions would
be with The World Calendar.
the year the press in Canada has devoted much space to the
general subject of calendar reform and in support of The
World Calendar in particular. Helpful publicity was obtained
from interest attaching to the Indian proposal and subsequent
events. The Chairman has made a point of answering as many
letters as possible which gave any indication of opposition
based on the fallacious claim of the unbroken continuity
of the week.
progress toward the international enactment of calendar
reform was reported at the Seventh Annual Meeting
15 January 1954 of The World
Calendar Association, International, held in the International
Building, New York City. Published highlights (JCR
Vol. 24, April 1954) for CANADA:
has been no falling-off in Canada's interest in calendar
reform during the year 1953. The attitude of members of
the government continues favorable, and all important business
and labor organizations have already endorsed the movement.
The Canadian Standards Association is considering the proposals
made by the International Standardization Organization to
bring the subject of calendar reform into their orbit, a
proposal which has already been endorsed by their French
affiliate and several other groups. . . .The year has been
occupied with the usual campaign of addresses and service
to press and radio. An article in Canadian Business
has proved very influential; five hundred copies were requested
by the new Australian committee for circulation there. .
. . Government officers in Ottawa continue to maintain a
favorable attitude in international forums; unfortunately
Canada is not currently represented in ECOSOC. . . .Early
in the year, the Chamber of Commerce of Canada presented
to the Canadian government as a "policy declaration"
its request that The World Calendar should be initiated
through the United Nations. . . . The Canadian section has
throughout the year maintained a lively cooperative contact
with London and Australia.
15 December the Canadian section presented a Memorandum
to the Honorable Lester Pearson, Secretary of State for
External Affairs, summing up the history of the calendar
reform movement in Canada. It called attention to the fact
that Canada was one of the first nations to be recorded
at an international meeting as favorable to revision of
the calendar. This was at the League of Nations in Geneva
in 1931. (Answering a question in Parliament, in February
1947, the Right Honorable Louis St. Laurent stated that
Canada had supported in principle a perpetual calendar.)
At the United Nations in 1949, calendar reform was place
on the provisional agenda of the General Assembly by Panama,
but was removed from the agenda by a tie vote in committee.
Canada was on of the four nations (with China, Chile and
Venezuela) which voted to retain the subject on the agenda.
Now the subject has again been put before the U.N., this
time by India. Canada, it would seem, has good reason to
support the request of India.
The World Calendar Association